By Herman Sutton
Wood is a dense, fibrous and porous structural tissue commonly found in the logs and stems of trees. It is a naturally occurring substance – a synthetic composite of cellulose fibres and embedded in a sticky matrix of cellulosic lignin which resists compression. When wood is cut down for use it rotates or buckles, thus producing a thin, cored ‘endgrain’ of wood called the grain. Wood rotates and buckles at different angles to form distinct grains. A few examples of wood grains are birch, oak, maple, birch, pine, maple, chestnut, hickory, walnut, birch, ash, redwood and spruce.
The grain of wood is used to describe the appearance of the wood’s texture, colour, grain pattern, and grain size. Although many types of wood can be described as having a similar appearance, the variations in each wood species contribute to the differences between the grain of each individual piece. For instance, a soft, light-colored piece of maple wood is grainier than a darker piece of maple. Likewise, a fine grain oak grain is lighter and finer than a coarse grain oak grain.Wood’s grain pattern can be broken down into three categories: straight, wavy, and cross-grain. Each category of wood grain has its own characteristics and uses, and each has its own place in a finished piece of furniture.
In a straight grain, the grain is parallel to the surface, with the grains of adjoining pieces aligned to create a symmetrical shape. The most common examples of straight grain wood are mahogany, oak and teak. In a wavy grain, the grain curves either outward or inward in relation to the surface, creating an irregular surface. Cross-grain wood is created by splitting a smooth wood piece into ‘cross-grain’ pieces, then joining the pieces together using knots. The resulting grain is then stitched together in a way to create a unique shape and texture, and is the most commonly seen type of wood grain on furniture.
Wood is a natural substance that contains cellulose fibres and a combination of other chemicals. It is a very durable substance and its natural properties allow it to resist both compression and expansion, making it an ideal option for furniture, particularly furniture made from wood.Wood also comes in a variety of different colours. Most common natural wood colours are white, red, black and grey. Although most furniture pieces are painted to enhance their aesthetic qualities, sometimes the wood is simply stained with a particular colour. In addition, the colour of the wood can be treated to improve its properties and make it stronger, harder wearing, or more resistant to a wide range of environmental factors such as UV rays and humidity.
While most woods are naturally beautiful, the fact remains that wood finishes are often used to accentuate their natural beauty. Finishes can be applied to wood in order to protect it against the elements, improve its visual appearance, or enhance its strength and durability. Some finishes are more durable than others, and some have different levels of protection against stains.Quality timber is known to last longer than any other substance. Finishes can be made from synthetic wood and are applied after the wood has been prepared, which can add years to its life span. To ensure a good finish is achieved, a sealant must be applied to the wood before applying a finish.
Powered By Impressive Business WordPress Theme